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Kupchegen-Altai

J2a2-PH3085,SK1403: Ancient Altai, modern Uygur and Turkish

The huge Allentoft et al. 2015 research with low-coverage genomes from 101 ancient humans from across Eurasia included two males from Altai Iron Age (900 BC to 1000 AD) in the same J2a2 haplogroup (see Altai archaeology). Even more intriguing is that the ancient genomes share unique Y-SNPs with two modern samples: one Uygur and one Turkish, currently best named […]


Y-chromosome Haplogroup J-M172 subclades update with primary SNPs

Combined J2 Phylogeny from almost all available public and DTC sources. Included are ca. 200 informative subclades (pre Middle Age) as well as more recent haplogroups (low-diversity/Middle Age or Clans/Surnames). The phylogeny is available as Tree with primary SNPs (searchable PDF) and Spreadsheet with details for the selected primary SNPs. This data is an output of the constantly updated online […]

J2-M172 Research Tree simplified 2015-05-30

J2a-SK1363 structure 2015-05-25

Structure for the J2a-SK1363 clade (including Montgomery, etc. clusters)

Not all finds are entirely new: it was certified since 2014 that (now) SK1363 members share upstream haplogroups Z6060,Z6059 and Z6057,Z6056 with one of the oldest known J2a haplogroups: M68 (so far very seldom in the DTC-field) also thanks to the data of sample 295681/YF02117 Netherlands. In an earlier post the Z6064 split immediately below L26 and upstream of Z6060,Z6059 […]


Substantial new subgroups for Z467: S25258 and Z458(xL210)

As posted in the previous posts substream of the J2a-M67 haplogroup other new findings were possible lately. The most substantial refinement of the M67 tree was possible in the Z467 subclade using 8 BigY results, one of them (B1300/YF02101 Ireland) with additional YFull analysis, gre-77 Greek Hallast et al 2014, Sardinian #845 Francalacci et al 2015, 4 Genome of the […]

Z467>S25258 structure as researched May 2015

New J2a-Z28551,Z6268 sub of M67 (May 2015)

New M67 subclade Z28551,Z6268 so far Sardinian-Mediterranean

Like already posted in J2a-M67 haplogroup split by Z1847 aka PF5126 higher coverage Francalacci et al 2015 data made a re-analysis possible. One M67* paragroup FTDNA BigY result (kit 143924, possibly with Mediterranean surname origin) not positive for the known M67 subclades Z467, Z500 and Z7671) builds a new M67 sub-haplogroup together with two Sardinians # 846 and 847 (in […]


J2a-M67 haplogroup split by Z1847 aka PF5126

Since some time three Francalacci et al 2013 samples and in J2-M172 Project@FTDNA two BigY tested kits were in the M67* paragroup which means found not positive for the known M67 subclades Z467, Z500 and Z7671. The release of the higher coverage Francalacci et al 2015 data including a recently discovered more detailed substructure of Z467 (Z458 and S25258) and Z7671>S12459 […]

Main haplogroup near the J2a-M67 level (May 2015)

J2 distro & frequency

World J2 haplogroup population size 2015

J2 haplogroup population sizes based on currently available data (Wikipedia, Eupedia, FamilyTreeDNA). Asia leads with big population size countries like India and Pakistan. Then the “homeland” Anatolia/Turkey follows. Also important are New World Countries like Brazil and USA where most of the J2 are expected to have Old World origins in Iberia and Italy. In J2 Project@FTDNA the Unknown Origin […]


FGC16096 unites L198,L433 and L1064 under PF5169   Recently updated !

(UPDATE 2015-05-04: three FGC Wael Y-sequences) Since the first Geno 2.0 results were known for the old J2a4i (L198,L433) and the yet uncertified L1064 clusters, we did know they were PF5169(xPF5174) which means positive for PF5169 and negative for PF5174. Since not many J2 subclades have more then two parallel “brother” subclades I suspected that J2a-L198,L433 and L1064 shared some […]

Phylogeny and age distances with currently best confidence based on over 100 Y-SNPs (BigY coverage)

FTDNA_J2_tree_2015-04-28

FTDNA J2 Haplogroups & SNPs April 2015

FTDNA J2 Tree 28th April 2015 edited to show important SNP also included in J2-M172 Research Tree simplified Y-DNA Haplotree Created in partnership with Haplogroup J-M172 This lineage originated in the northern portion of the Fertile Crescent where it later spread throughout central Asia, the Mediterranean, and south into India. As with other populations with Mediterranean ancestry this lineage is […]


J2a-L26* SNP found: Z6064? New seldom clade J2a-PH890

First the FTDNA deep clade and then even Geno 2.0 left a considerable part of J2a-L26 kits without downstream haplogroup. In 2013 Y-sequence results first showed that PF5088 unites L24 and M67 together with many other clades substream of L26 and as parallel group J2a-M68 samples from 1000 Genomes Project and Sardinian samples 848-849 (Francalacci et al 2013) allowed the […]

Z6064 tree 2014-04a