Frequently Asked Questions

FamilyTreeDNA FAQ pages: Types of Tests, Paternal Y-DNA, Y-Results, Group Projects, Markers, SNPs, OLD: After I test, Markers, SNP, SNPs/Deepclade, Y-Tree. ISOGG pages: Y-DNA Project Help

Looking at the Y-DNA Classic or Colorized Chart I can’t find my result?

To view all results, please set Page Size to 4000 or click trough the pages at the bottom. Use Ctrl+F on Windows and Cmd+F on MacOS to find your kit ID.

I do not find my kits results listed on the Classic or Colorized Chart pages. The kit is listed on the SNP page. What is the reason?

Only kits with Y-DNA STR markers tested at Family Tree DNA are listed ( Y-DNA111, Y-DNA67, Y-DNA37, Y-DNA25, Y-DNA12) in the Chart pages with groupings. Kits with SNP results only (Geno 2.0, SNP Pack) are not.

Can you find surnames associated with my Y-STR haplotype? Can you search for matches of my Y-STR haplotype?

If you have a FamilyTreeDNA Y-DNA kit join J2-M172@FTDNA and we will group you with kits that are nearest to you (usually Y-STR37 or 67 needed).
Our focus is haplogroup research which can help to connect to the Y-history in the last 1,000 years. We are volunteers and cannot carry out research on relations in individual family lineages (genealogical time, private haplogroups) in this large project which includes the entire J2 haplogroup and over 3,000 members. You can try to ask for Y-STR haplotype help in the J2 Facebook group.
If you have no FamilyTreeDNA Y-DNA kit or no matches with your FTDNA kit you may research yourself in the Y-STR databases with your haplotype to find associated surnames and origins: ysearch.org, yhrd.org, (smgf.org unfortunately shot down by Ancestry.com)

My (old) results showed me as J2a4 [example]. Why is my haplogroup name not used here and in the project group name?

Haplogroup names are very volatile as the tree gets refined constantly. Always use the terminal SNP you have been tested for, in the example here the historical name at FTDNA completely would be J2a4-L26. You can find name versions for the following test providers: FTDNA, Genographic Project, 23andMe

I have 12 (or 25) STR-markers. My kit was not grouped and I do not have matches. Why?

Only a rough grouping may be possible without detailed Haplogroup/SNP test. STR-Marker upgrade and/or Deep SNP testing (FGC Y-Elite, FTDNA BigY, J2 SNP Panels, chip tests like Geno 2.0 or Chromo 2.0) is suggested to find distant matches.
J2 is a very old, diverse and widespread haplogroup: for example the most common subgroup J2a-L26 is still 16200 years old compared to the common European R1b-L11,P311 with 4800 years of age.

I have 37 (or 67) STR-markers. What can you tell me?

Depending on your haplotype and SNP tests a basic to good clustering may be possible. Advanced SNP test is suggested.

Why do you often suggest to do (advanced) Tests like BigY or SNP tests?

BigY or advanced SNP Tests are needed to refine (or certify) deep clades and to confirm matches not clearly in one haplogroup (overlapping haplotypes).